Retina

Case 63

Contributors: Marko Tien (Medical Student) and Dr. Amrit Rai

Patient Presentation: An 11-year-old male was referred to ophthalmology for an abnormal retinal lesion in the left eye. The patient is asymptomatic. Visual fields are normal, and BCVA is 20/20 OU. Fundus exam was performed and is shown below: 

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Question: Where is the lesion in this eye?

OCT was performed over the lesion and shown below.

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Question: What is the abnormality seen in the OCT?

Question: Based on the imaging and exam findings, what is the most likely diagnosis?

Question: What is the prognosis of a patient who presents with dark-without-pressure lesions?

References:

  1. Fawzi, A. A., Nielsen, J. S., Mateo-Montoya, A., Somkijrungroj, T., Li, H. K., Gonzales, J., Mauget-Faÿsse, M., & Jampol, L. M. (2014). Multimodal imaging of white and dark without pressure fundus lesions. Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.), 34(12), 2376–2387. https://doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0000000000000388

  2. Flores Pimentel, M.A., Duncan, J.L., de Alba Campomanes, A.G. et al. (2021). Dark without pressure retinal changes in a paediatric age group. Eye 35, 1221–1227. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-1088-5

  3. Gupta, Gaurav & Bajgai, Priya & Singh, Ramandeep. (2018). Dark-Without-Pressure Fundus Lesions.

  4. Nagpal, K. C., Goldberg, M. F., Asdourian, G., Goldbaum, M., & Huamonte, F. (1975). Dark-without-pressure fundus lesions. The British journal of ophthalmology, 59(9), 476–479. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.59.9.476

  5. Rafieetary, M. (Feb 2021). Navigating the Retinal Periphery. Review of optometry (eJournal). Accessed on Nov 12, 2021: https://www.reviewofoptometry.com/article/navigating-the-retinal-periphery

  6. Strohbehn A. Sohn EH. Retinal Detachment: From One Medical Student to Another. EyeRounds.org. October 15, 2013; available from http://EyeRounds.org/tutorials/retinal-detachment-med-students

Learning Objectives:

  1. Identify the funduscopic presentation and OCT findings of dark-without-pressure lesions.

  2. Understand the clinical significance and prognosis of dark-without-pressure lesions