top of page
Patient Presentation: A 23-year-old obese female was diagnosed with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and referred to neurosurgery for ventriculoperitoneal shunt. A baseline ocular examination was performed prior to the procedure.
On examination, vision was 20/200 in the right eye, and 20/40 in the left eye. There was a right relative afferent pupillary defect. Slit lamp examination was normal.
A dilated fundus examination was performed demonstrating the following:
Patient Presentation: A 20-year-old male presented to clinic with markedly decreased vision in the right eye for the past 7 days. On examination, vision was 20/400 OD and 20/20 OS. There was a trace right RAPD. Fundus examination demonstrated the following:
Given the decline in vision, an OCT macula OD was performed below:
Describe the OCT
Question: What is the most likely diagnosis?
Question: What is the most common infectious etiology that causes this condition in adults?
1. Identify OCT features of neuroretinitis. OCT will demonstrate significant optic disc edema with contiguous spread to the macula, indicated by retinal thickening and intra-retinal and subretinal fluid. OCT rNFL and SD-OCT of the optic nerve will likewise demonstrate an increased thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer and peripapillary retina.
2. Recognize Bartonella Henselae as the most common infectious etiology in neuro-retinitis.
bottom of page