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Patient Presentation: A 23-year-old obese female was diagnosed with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and referred to neurosurgery for ventriculoperitoneal shunt. A baseline ocular examination was performed prior to the procedure.
On examination, vision was 20/200 in the right eye, and 20/40 in the left eye. There was a right relative afferent pupillary defect. Slit lamp examination was normal.
A dilated fundus examination was performed demonstrating the following:
Patient Presentation: A 68-year-old female with age-related macular degeneration is referred with gradual decreased vision. She was previously receiving anti-VEGF injections. The patient has no notable past medical or ocular history; Her vision is 20/25 OD and 20/400 OS. Her OS OCT macula is shown below
Question: What abnormality is NOT visualized in the patient’s OCT image?
Question: What structures are the yellow arrows pointing to?
Question: What disease is commonly associated with outer retinal tubulations?
Question: What is the treatment of choice for outer retinal tubulations?
1. To diagnose and recognize outer retinal tubulations by their location in the outer nuclear layer, hyper-reflective demarcation, and association with chronic outer retinal degenerative conditions.
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