Patient Presentation: A 23-year-old obese female was diagnosed with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and referred to neurosurgery for ventriculoperitoneal shunt. A baseline ocular examination was performed prior to the procedure.
On examination, vision was 20/200 in the right eye, and 20/40 in the left eye. There was a right relative afferent pupillary defect. Slit lamp examination was normal.
A dilated fundus examination was performed demonstrating the following:
Patient Presentation: A 59-year-old male was referred to an ophthalmology service due to decreased vision in his left eye over the past 5 months. The patient had brain surgery for a cerebellar tumour last year. On assessment, his visual acuity was 20/30-1 OD and 20/350+2 OS. IOP was 16 OD and 18 OS. Slit lamp examination demonstrated early cataracts. Fundus photographs, fundus autofluorescence, and OCT macula OU were obtained and shown below:
Question: Which option correctly matches the OCT findings in both eyes?
Question: Based on the multi-modal imaging provided, what is the most likely diagnosis?
Question: What is the most likely systematic diagnosis in this patient?
Question: Which of the following is recommended to manage this patient’s retinal hemangioblastomas and VHL disease?
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3. Sen M, Shields CL, Honavar SG, Shields JA. Coats disease: An overview of classification, management and outcomes. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019;67(6):763-771. doi:10.4103/ijo.IJO_841_19
4. Alnawaiseh, M., Schubert, F., Nelis, P. et al. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography findings in retinal arterial macroaneurysms. BMC Ophthalmol 16, 120 (2016).
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6. Singh AD, Nouri M, Shields CL, et al. Treatment of retinal capillary hemangioma. Ophthalmology. 2002;109(10);1799-1806.
7. Schmid S, Gillessen S, Binet I, Brändle M, Engeler D, Greiner J, Hader C, Heinimann K, Kloos P, Krek W, Krull I, Stoeckli SJ, Sulz MC, van Leyen K, Weber J, Rothermundt C, Hundsberger T. Management of von hippel-lindau disease: an interdisciplinary review. Oncol Res Treat. 2014;37(12):761-71.
To identify features of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease
To identify treatments for retinal hemangioblastomas and VHL disease